Welded Fin Plates

Welded Fin-Plates, like End-Plates are cut from Plates or standard ‘Flats’ which are then drilled or punched to the required bolt pattern and shop-welded to the web of the supporting beam. The connecting beam web is match-drilled in the workshop to suit. Fin-Plates are not strictly flexible in the vertical plane, and as a consequence …

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Welded End Plates

End Plates are probably the most versatile of all the flexible Connection types in that the may be used to connect beam-to-beam and bean to columns, both to the flange and web. They can also be used for skew connections at any angle. End-Plates are cut from Plate or ‘Flats’ which are drilled or punched …

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Standard Cleats

Here we’ll look at standardizing cleats following on from what has been discussed under Bolted End-Cleats. It’s not an accident that the proposed standards align with Welded End-Plates. Though interchangeability is not really recommended, it does have advantages with regards to general Standardization. The standard cleats proposed below all assume a Standard Gauge – however, …

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Bolted End-Cleats

End Cleats are usually used to connect beam-to-beam – they may also be used for beam-to-column connections but there are limitations, which we’ll look at later in this article Cleats are usually fabricated from standard hot-rolled angle sections and may be configured either as ‘Single’ or ‘Double’. Single cleats offer many practical advantages, the most …

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Welded Tee Connections

The Welded-Tee connection is the most expensive to fabricate of all the connection types, they typically comprise of a flange and web-plate formed into a Tee, which is then welded to the top-flange and web of the supporting beam. The Tee may also be fabricated from a Tee-Cutting of a standard rolled section, usually matching …

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Seating Connections

There are basically 3- types of seating connections in common use, they include: The conventional Beam to Column Seating seat, where the beam is fastened perpendicular to the column. The Corbel, where the beam is fastened parallel to the column. The beam-to-beam crossover, where one beam sits at an angle on top of another. The …

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Beam-End Clearances

Beam-end clearances are necessary to to provide adequate assembly and erection tolerances. They take into account rolling mill and fabrication tolerances. The diagram below indicates the suggested clearance for flexible connections, including: Welded End-Plates Bolted End-Cleats Welded Fin-Plates, and Seating Connections When there are a string of beams erected along a single line, there is …

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Standardization

Standardization is the key to successful, efficient and economic detailing, the benefits of which are incalculable. It will reduce errors in the workshop and on site during erection and speed up the entire process from concept to commissioning. There are two main steps to standardization, the first may be outside of the realm of the …

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Strength of Bolts

Bolt Standards In North America bolts are classified according to ASTM standards (American Society for the Testing of Materials) while in Europe, they are classified according to national standards of the individual states. Each state has its own national standards institute BSI, DIN, AFNOR, etc. with each operating independently. To establish common standards within the …

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